Right to Protest cases
Anar Mammadli is an activist specialized in monitoring elections in Azerbaijan.
In 2008, his NGO was dissolved by justice. In 2013, in his report about the last elections, he concluded that the Azerbaijani elections were not democratic. The same year he was arrested and placed in custody.
The European Court of Human Rights concluded that his arrest was purely political. The reason of his detention was to silent him.
Jani Makraduli is a North Macedonian politician. When he was in opposition. Mr Makraduli made statements about public rumours of corrupt activities by a senior government figure, the then Head of the Security and Counter Intelligence Agency.
The subject of the rumours successfully sued Mr Makraduli for defamation, resulting in a criminal conviction.
The European Court for Human Rights found that Mr Makraduli’s freedom of speech had been violated.
In October 2010, Oleksiy Vyerentsov was arrested and sentenced to three days administrative detention. His crime: organising a peaceful demonstration in protest against corruption in the Ukrainian prosecution service. Left with inadequate time to prepare his defence, and deprived of the opportunity to consult with a lawyer, Oleksiy decided to lodge a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights.
In its judgment, the Court found several violations of the European Convention including the right to peaceful assembly and the right to a fair trial.
On 22 April 2000, Oya Ataman took to Sultanahmet Square,Istanbul, in protest against prison conditions in Turkey. Despite posing no threat to public order, Turkish authorities subjected Oya and several of her colleagues to arbitrary arrest and repelled them with pepper spray, a nerve agent capable of causing respiratory problems, nausea, vomiting and spasms.
In December 2006, The European Court found a violation of article 11 of the European Convention of Human Rights, protecting the right to peaceful assembly.